What is Vitamin B12 ?
We saw about two important vitamins earlier, if you haven’t, check it out and start with this. We all know how important vitamins are and how it can help our body. Now, let us look at one of the most important Vitamin that is required by our body which is Vitamin B12.
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin which is also known as cobalamin.
It is mainly found in animal foods including meat, fishes, poultry, eggs and dairy products. It can also be found in breads and plant products.
Vitamin B12 is essential for us in the production of RBC (Red Blood Cells) and DNA.
Deficiency of Vitamin B12 are more common in elderly, it occurs if we don’t get enough B12 from food or our body cannot absorb B12 properly.
Benefits and Effects
As mentioned, Vitamin B12 plays an important role in formation of Red Blood Cells. Low amount of B12 can reduce B12 formation. Also, if the amount of B12 level in our blood is low, it can cause anemia, fatigue and weakness.
B12 is recommended by many doctors during pregnancy because it is scientifically proven that B12 is required for the development of fetus’s brain and nervous system. Vitamin B12 deficiency in the beginning stage of pregnancy can cause birth defects.
Vitamin B12 can prevent atrophy, which is the loss of neurons in the brain that can cause memory loss and dementia.
Vitamin B12 supplements have been always considered as the go-to product for a increase of energy. Many B Vitamins plays a significant role in body’s energy production.
Vitamin B12 can also improve the health of the heart by decreasing the level of homocysteine. It is a fact that Vitamin B12 deficiency makes the homocysteine level elevated which can cause issues in the heart.
Signs of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
People with B12 deficiency tend to have pale or jaundiced skin. This happens because the lack of B12 causes problems with Red Blood Cells. It is also essential in the production of DNA, so without it cell building would be incomplete.
Weakness and fatigue are the common symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency. This occur because our body don’t have enough Red Blood Cells to transport oxygen to various parts of our body.
One of the serious damage that can be caused by Vitamin B12 deficiency is nerve damage. This is because B12 is an important contributor to the production of myelin (a fatty material). Myelin insulates our nerve and protects it from damages.
If you don’t take enough Vitamin B12 supplements for Vitamin B12 deficiency and leave it untreated, it can cause changes to the way we move and walk. It makes us more prone to falling and imbalance. It is highly possible in elderly.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can make our tongues and mouth swollen and inflamed. It can be painful and can stretch out taste buds and make us lose sensation.
Another sign of Vitamin B12 deficiency is blurred vision. This occurs when the deficiency is left untreated and it will damage the optic nerve that leads to our eye.
Another rare symptom of B12 deficiency is a high body temperature.
Vitamin B12 deficiency is common and can occur in many ways. It is important to identify the symptoms and consult with doctor if you feel you may have issues. The easiest way to prevent Vitamin B12 deficiency is having enough Vitamin B12 in our diet.